The provisions of the law on anti-abandonment devices for children in cars
The signing of the Italian Ministerial Decree implementing Law 117/2018 was approved at the end of last year, and the recent publication of the foregoing will finally make the use of anti-abandonment devices in cars compulsory for children from 0 to 4 years of age. The use of an anti-abandonment system is stipulated not only for new products placed on the market, but for all car seats, both those for sale and those already in the possession of families.
Anti-abandonment car seats have been made mandatory following the increasing frequency of cases of dissociative amnesia, an automatic state which can occur unconsciously in parents, and which can have unwanted consequences for babies and young children that are accidentally left inside the vehicle.
Anti-abandonment devices come in two forms - either as a device integrated into the car seat model itself, or a universal accessory that can be used on all car seats. As required by law, the system is activated automatically when the driver leaves the car without taking the child with them; a visual and acoustic signal is sent to the smartphone that is connected to the sensor via the app and by means of a Bluetooth connection. In the eventuality that the first level alarm is not silenced, the system will then go on to send alarm messages to the phone numbers previously set by the user, with information that enables the area where the car is located with the child inside to be geolocalised.
Once the time period permitted after the publication of the new law for adaptation to the new provisions has elapsed, all families with children aged 0 to 4 years will be required to ensure that they are equipped with anti-abandonment devices, either by using a new car seat with integrated system or by equipping their existing seat with the universal accessory. Those who fail to do this will be fined up to 330 euros, and will have 5 points deducted from their licence. Re-offenders will have their driving licence confiscated, for a period of 15 days to 2 months.